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Laparoscopic Hysterectomy
 


A laparoscopic hysterectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure to remove the uterus. A small incision is made in the belly button and a tiny camera is inserted. The surgeon watches the image from this camera on a TV screen and performs the operative procedure. Two or three other tiny incisions are made in the lower abdomen.

Some women do not have their ovaries removed when they undergo a hysterectomy. If the ovaries stay inside, the woman does not need to take any hormones after the surgery and she does not have hot flashes. Some women remove their ovaries because of family history of ovarian cancer or they have an abnormal growth on their ovary.

If the woman wants to be 100% certain that she will never menstruate again, she needs to have the entire uterus removed. If the patient has a history of pre-cancerous changes of the cervix or uterine lining, she should have the entire uterus removed. If the operation is being done for endometriosis or pelvic pain, many doctors think the chances for pain reduction are better if the cervix is removed.

 

Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus and is performed when a woman has health problems related to it after her child bearing is complete ( ideally aged 40+ years).

Symptoms

  • Severe pain

  • Bleeding during menstruation

  • Other damaged organs

Causes

  • The presence of fibroids

  • The prolapse of the uterus (where the Uterus is shifted from its usual position)

  • Endometriosis (Presence of the uterus lining in nearby organs which causes pain and bleeding)

  • Uterine or cervical cancer

Solution

  • In most cases, the surgery is done through a tiny incision in the abdomen except in a few exceptional cases where the uterus is so large that there isnít enough room to insert the laparoscopic equipment

  • In the hysterectomy, the uterus and the surrounding supportive tissue are separated with special tools which maximize efficiency while minimizing blood loss and time of surgery

  • The uterus is then removed through the birth canal, or, in special instances, by morcellation.

  • After hysterectomy, a woman will no longer have her periods
     

 
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