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GERD (Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease)

 

 

 

GERD is a chronic disease where the acidic contents of the stomach get refluxed into the lower esophagus, thereby causing damage to it.
Symptoms

  • Heartburn

  • Abdominal or chest pain

  • Belching or bloating

  • Difficulty in swallowing

  • Regurgitation

  • Nausea or vomiting

Causes

  • Caused by damage or abnormalities in the barrier between the esophagus and stomach

  •  Abnormal relaxation in the sphincter muscles that help seal off the stomach

  •  Impaired expulsion of the acidic, semi-digested content from the stomach or esophagus

Long-Term Risks

  • Severe intestinal damage

  • Severe, chronic esophageal damage
     

Solution

  • 360° Nissen fundoplication (NF)

  • Toupet fundoplication (TF)

Procedure
A few incisions are made in the abdomen area, through which tiny tube shaped instruments are inserted. A laparoscope which has a tiny video camera and a powerful light source is then inserted through this incision to allow the doctor to view the procedure on a monitor. Another incision is used to insert surgical instruments in the body by which the procedure is carried out. It is performed under general anesthesia.

 
 
 
   
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