Ovarian cysts are small
fluid-filled sacs that develop in a woman's ovaries. In some
cases, the cysts may dissolve after some time. This is
common in women of the younger age group and in such cases,
only observation is needed.
Surgery is needed in most cases due to the large size of the
cyst, torsion of the cyst or due to the fear of it becoming
cancerous. Cysts may be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant
(cancerous), in which case, surgery is urgent and required.
• Fullness in the abdomen
• Painful periods and abnormal bleeding
• Problems passing urine completely
• Pain with fever and vomiting
• Surgery can be done for most of these ovarian cysts except
in later-stage ovarian cancerous cysts.
• In surgery, the laparoscope (a flexible surgical device
equipped with a camera, forceps, scissors and more) is used
to locate the cyst. Once located, one or two more tiny
incisions are made, through which surgical instruments are
inserted to remove the cyst. The cyst can be extracted
intact or it can be aspirated and cyst wall can be either
cut off or eroded. The removed tissue should be sent for